NAME: Central American Agouti
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dasyprocta punctata
RANGE: Ranges from the south of Mexico to Central America to the north of Argentina and Bolivia. It has been introduced to Cuba and the Cayman Islands as well.
- They prefer tropical terrestrial habitats where they can build small caves around sources of water.
- They are monogamous and mate with each other for life.
- They feed on fruits and seeds.
- They are durnal, but shift to night hours if there is much human predation around.
- Males and females possess anal scent glands which use to mark territory or various structures.
NAME: Lowland Paca
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Agouti paca
RANGE: Found in Mexico, Central America, Belize, Panama, South America, Guyana and the island of Trinidad.
- They prefer tropical and subtropical areas and favors terrains close to water sources.
- They are mostly nocturnal and solitary.
- They are good swimmers and usually head for the water to escape danger.
- They are also amazing climbers and hunt for fruit in trees especially avocados, mangos and zapotes, they also eat leaves, stems and roots.
- Their gestation period lasts 157 days and give birth only to one offspring.
NAME: Gray Fox
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Urocyon cinereoargenteus
RANGE: found in the southeast of Canada, United States, Mexico, Central America and north of Colombia and Venezuela.
- They are solitary and opportunistic hunters.
- They are great climbers.
- They are omnivorous and feed on voles, shrews, and birds, supplementing its diet with fruits.
- They are mostly nocturnal in warm season, but diurnal during mild weather.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Procyon Lotor
RANGE: Found throughout the south of Canada, United States, Mexico and Panama.
- They have extended their range to mountainous areas, costal marshes and urban areas and considered to be pests.
- Their sense of touch is their most important sense.
- Thought to be color blind, they also have poor long-distance vision.
- They have great auditory range, being able to perceive sound of underground worm movement.
- Although mainly nocturnal, sometimes wonder during the day to take advantage of food sources.
- Their diet consists of invertebrates, plant material and vertebrates.
- They like to live in hollow trees and ground caves.
NAME: White-Nosed Coati
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nasua narica
RANGE: Found as far north as southeastern Arizona and New Mexico to as far south as Ecuador.
- Their original habitat is mixed forests around dry and humid areas.
- They are omnivores preferring small vertebrates, fruits, insects and eggs.
- They can be domesticated easilly.
- They are primarily diurnal.
- During foraging times, the young cubs are left with a pair of babysitters similar to meerkats.
- They are great climbers who use their tail for balance.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Potos flavus
RANGE: Native to Central America and South America.
- Also known as honey bear.
- They have strict nocturnal habits.
- They can be domesticated easilly.
- Their ominivorous diet consists mainly of fruits, they favor figs, they also eat insects and very rarely bird eggs and small vertebrates.
- They are agile and can easily jump from tree to tree.
- They sleep in family units and groom one another.
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eira barbara
RANGE: They live in tropical forests of Central America, South America and the island of Trinidad.
- They eat fruit for the most part, but also carrion, small mammals, reptiles and birds. They also climb trees to get eggs and honey.
- They live in hollow trees, burrows in the ground or nests of tall grass.
- Their gestation period lasts approximately 70 days having an average of 2 offspring.
NAME: Greater Grison
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Galictis vittata
RANGE: Found in south of Mexico, Central America and South America in Brazil and Bolivia.
- They live in savannas and forests near rivers and streams.
- They are terrestrial and nocturnal with very little activity in the morning.
- They are carnivores but also feed on small vertebrates like fish, amphibians and birds.
- They are of solitary nature or live in pairs to the most.
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NAME: Neotropical Otter
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lontra longicaudis
RANGE: Found in Central America, South America and in the island of Trinidad.
- They use to live in waterway habitats including deciduous and evergreen forests and savannas.
- It is a solitary animal.
- They feed on fish and crustaceans, ocasionally likes to eat small mammals and birds.
- They are of diurnal activity and very rarely seen active during the night.
NAME: Prehensile-Tail Porcupine
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Coendou
RANGE: From the southeast of Mexico, all across Central America and Panama
- They have a coat of sharp spines that defends or camouflages them from predators or intruders.
- They are the third largest of the rodents behind the capybara and the beaver.
- They are herbivores, they eat leaves, herbs, twigs and green plants. In the winter they may eat bark.
- They are mostly nocturnal but they will sometimes forge for food during the day.
- They are a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy.